How to care for a Zelkova bonsai

On this page you will find the specific care you should know to know how to care for a Zelkova bonsai, you can expand this knowledge in How to care for a bonsai.

The gender Zelkova belongs to the ulmaceae family and has its origin in Southeast Asia (Japan, Korea and China). It is a tree very resistant to the most varied climates. Semi-deciduous, These trees are among the best known in the world of Bonsai.

How to care for a Zelkova bonsai
Bonsai of Zelkova

How to care for a Zelkova bonsai


The best situation is outside, although also well-lit interiors without heating. Outdoors you can live in full sun, and in case of having a hard winter, will lose part of its leaves to sprout again in spring.


Irrigation is related to growth. In spring, summer and autumn consume more water than in winter. If they are inside a home, consumption is reduced, while in full sun, irrigation requires increased attention. Let the substrate dry between consecutive waterings.


The fertilizer must be spread throughout the entire growth period of the tree. In summer it can be reduced, and a further reduction will be necessary in winter, even more so if it is located outside the house. In general the plant responds well to all types of fertilizer.


The growth of this plant is moderate, although it tends to sprout easily. The transplant must be done every 2 oh 3 years, according to the cases, and the best time to do it is in spring. It is necessary to trim two thirds of the roots.


Clamping is going to be a very frequent operation, since the Zelkova, in semi-shadow situations, develops extremely long shoots. When the sprout produces 7 u 8 leaves, will be trimmed leaving at most 3 of the new leaves formed.